Example 1 (one codon)
You might want to solve DNA transcription first to learn how to transcribe DNA into RNA.
Once DNA has been transcribed into RNA, the RNA is translated into a sequence of amino acids that can then fold into a protein. The genetic code describes
how RNA is translated into amino acids. Translation happens one codon at a time where each codon consists of three nucleotides, such as
ACG, and gets translated into one amino acid.
Write some code to translate an RNA sequence into a sequence of amino acids. If you encounter a stop codon, then stop translation and return the amino acid sequence up until the stop codon (but not including it).
Input: An RNA sequence.
Output: A sequence of amino acids.
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